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Saturday, May 19, 2012

The World of Valmiki-24

The World of Valmiki-24
Consultation
त्रिविधाः पुरुषा लोके उत्तमाधममध्यमाः ।
तेषां तु समवेतानां गुणदोषौ वदाम्यहम् ॥
मन्त्रिभिर्हितसंयुक्तैः समर्थैर्मन्त्रनिर्णये ।
मित्रैर्वापि समानार्थैर्बान्धवैरपि वा हितैः ॥
सहितो मन्त्रयित्वा यः कर्मारम्भान् प्रवर्तयेत् ।
दैवे च कुरुते यत्नं तमाहुः पुरुषोत्तमम् ॥
एकोऽर्थं विमृशेदेको धर्मे प्रकुरुते मनः ।
एकः कार्याणि कुरुते तमाहुर्मध्यमं नरम् ॥
गुणदोषावनिश्चित्य त्यक्त्वा धर्मव्यपाश्रयम् ।
करिष्यामीति यः कार्यमुपेक्षेत् स नराधमः ॥
There are three types of people, the best, the worst and the medium. I shall tell you their qualities.
One who starts his works after consulting with ministers who are capable of deciding after deliberations, who are bent upon doing what is beneficial after consulting with friends or well disposed relatives who are in similar situations and who also propitiates Providence is a person of the best abilities. One who analyzes within himself and arrives at doing what is right alone and acts alone is a person with medium abilities. One who neglects his duties saying that he will attend to it and without analyzing the pros and cons and not depending on dharma is a person of the worst abilities.  

यथेमे पुरुषा नित्यमुत्तमाधममध्यमाः ।
एवं मन्त्रा हि विज्ञेया उत्तमाधममध्यमाः ॥
ऐकमत्यमुपागम्य शास्त्रदृष्टेन चक्षुषा ।
मन्त्रिणो यत्र निरतास्तमाहुर्मन्त्रमुत्तमम् ॥
बह्व्योऽपि मतयो भूत्वा मन्त्रिणामर्थनिर्णये ।
पुनर्यत्रैकतां प्राप्ताः स मन्त्रो मध्यमः स्मृतः ॥
अन्योन्यं मतिमास्थाय यत्र संप्रतिभाष्यते ।
न चैकमत्ये श्रेयोऽस्ति मन्त्रः सोऽधममुच्यते ॥६//-१४॥
Just as there are three types of people as above, deliberations can also be classified as the best, the worst and medium. Deliberations where the ministers act on coming to a unanimous conclusion after analyzing as per tenets of knowledge are called the best. Deliberations where many differences of opinion are aired and finally one decision is arrived at are called medium. Deliberations where different opinions are expressed and no decision is arrived at are called the worst. 

Member of assembly
न चुक्रुशुः नानृतमाह कश्चित्
सभासदो नापि जजल्पुरुच्चैः ।६/११/३१॥
No one shouted no one uttered lies and the members of the assembly did not speak loudly.

Attendant
यो हि भृत्यो नियुक्तस्सन् भर्त्रा कर्मणि दुष्करे ।
कुर्यात्तदनुरागेण तमाहुः पुरुषोत्तमम् ॥
नियुक्तो यः परं कार्यं न कुर्यान्नृपतेः प्रियम् ।
भृत्यो युक्तः समर्थश्च तमाहुर्मध्यमं नरम् ॥
नियुक्तो नृपतेः कार्यं न कुर्याद्यः समाहितः ।
भृत्यो युक्तः समर्थश्च तमाहुः पुरुषाधमम् ॥६//-९॥
He is called the best of attendants who does with love a difficult task assigned by his master. He is an attendant of average abilities who although being capable after being assigned a job by the king does not do it to the satisfaction of the king. He is an attendant of inferior capabilities who, though capable, does not do the job of the king with concentration.
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