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Saturday, October 20, 2012


आपेदिरेऽम्बरपथं परितः पतङ्गा
भृङ्गा रसालमुकुलानि समाश्रयन्ते ।
सङ्कोचमञ्चति सरस्त्वयि दीनदीनो
मीनो नु हन्त कतमां गतिमभ्युपैतु ॥ १७ ॥
अन्वयः : सरः, त्वयि सङ्कोचम् अञ्चति पतङ्गाः परितः अम्बरपथम् आपेदिरे । भृङ्गाः रसालमुकुलानि समाश्रयन्ते । हन्त दीनदीनः मीनः कतमां गतिम् अभ्युपैतु ?
O lake! While you shrink away, birds fly around towards the sky and the bees take refuge in mango buds. Alas, where can the poor fish go? [ When a generous person loses his wealth some of his dependants manage to survive by moving away but what happens to those who are totally dependant on him?]

मधुप इव मारुतेऽस्मिन् मा सौरभलोभमम्बुज मंस्थाः ।
लोकानामेव मुदे महितोऽप्यात्मामुनार्थितां नीता ॥ १८ ॥
अन्वयः : अम्बुज, सौरभलोभं मधुपे इव अस्मिन् मारुते मा मंस्थाः । अमुना आत्मा महितः अपि लोकानामेव मुदे अर्थितां नीता ।
O lotus, do not exhibit the miserliness of fragrance that you show to bees with this wind. Although he is well-placed he has brought himself to being a suppliant for the sake of the general public. [The poet addresses the lotus to generously allow its fragrance to be carried away by the wind as it propagates the fragrance all over unlike bees which carry the fragrance for themselves. Poets who are well looked after by a king spread the fame of the king all over.]

गुञ्जति मञ्जु मिलिन्दे मा मालति मानमौनमुपयासीः ।
शिरसा वदान्यगुरवः सादरमेनं वहन्ति सुरतरवः ॥ १९ ॥
अन्वयः : मालति, मिलिन्दे मञ्जु गुञ्जति मानमौनं मा उपयासीः । वदान्यगरवः सुरतरवः एनं सादरं शिरसा वहन्ति ।
O Jasmine flower, do not become taciturn because of anger while the bumble bee hums pleasantly. The divine trees which are foremost among the munificent carry them in their heads with respect. [It seems to be applicable to a lady who is not responding to the advances of a suitor, who is well respected among the elite.]

यैस्त्वं गुणगणवानपि सतां द्विजिह्वैरसेव्यतां नीतः ।
तानपि वहसि पटीरज किं कथयामस्त्वदीयमौन्नत्यम् ॥ २० ॥
अन्वयः : पटीरज, त्वं गुणगणवान् अपि यैः द्विजिह्वैः असेव्यतां नीतः तान् अपि वहसि । त्वदीयम् औन्नत्यं किं कथयामः ।
O Sandal tree, although you have very good qualities the good do not come near you because of the snakes. You carry even such snakes. What shall we say of your greatness! [ Use of word द्विजिह्वा suggests that the poet refers to a very good person whom other virtuous persons do not approach because of his double-tongued dependants.]

गाहितमखिलं गहनं परितो दृष्टाश्च विटपिनः सर्वे ।
सहकार न प्रपेदे मधुपेन भवत्समं जगति ॥ २१ ॥
अन्वयः : सहकार! मधुपेन अखिलं गहनं गाहितम्, सर्वे विटपिनः दृष्टाः च । भवत्समं जगति न प्रपेदे ।
O Mango tree, all the woods were explored and all the trees were seen by the bee. It could not obtain anyone like you. [It is suggestive of a poet praising a king in his presence.]

अपनीतपरिमलान्तरकथे पदं न्यस्य देवतरुकुसुमे ।
पुष्पान्तररेऽपि गन्तुं वाञ्छसि चेद्भ्रमर धन्योऽसि ॥ २२ ॥
अन्वयः : भ्रमर! अपनीतपरिमलान्तरकथे देवतरुकुसुमे पदं न्यस्य पुष्पान्तरे अपि गन्तुं वाञ्छसि चेत् धन्यः असि ।
O bee, having set foot on the flower of the divine tree which surpasses in fragrance any other flower, if you want to go to some other flower, you are indeed blessed! [This is a sarcastic remark against a person who having spent time in the presence of the great wants to be in company of the lowly.]

तटिनि चिराय विचारय विन्ध्यभुवस्तव पवित्रायाः ।
शुष्यन्त्या अपि युक्तं किं खलु रथ्योदकादानम् ॥ २३ ॥
अन्वयः : तटिनि! तव पवित्रायाः विन्ध्यभुवः शुष्यन्त्या अपि रथ्योदकादानं युक्तं खलु किम्? चिराय विचारय ।
O river, while your holy Vindhya mountain (from which you originated) goes dry, is it right that you should receive street waters? Think over for long. [A river gets water from even a drain while its originating place may be dry. The poet seems to connect it with a person’s attitude by which he manages to get on in life by mingling with the sundry, although  his own parents and family of exalted status are suffering.]

पत्रफलपुष्पलक्ष्म्या कदाप्यदृष्टं वृतं च खलु शूकैः ।
उपसर्पेम भवन्तं बर्बुर वद कस्य लोभेन ॥ २४ ॥
अन्वयः : बर्बुर! पत्रफलपुष्पलक्ष्म्या कदा अपि अदृष्टं शुकैः वृतं च भवन्तं कस्य लोभेन उपसर्पेम खलु ? वद ।
O Barbura ( thorny tree)! You have never been seen with the luster of leaves, fruits or flowers. You are covered by thorns. For what purpose shall we come near you? Tell. [ How can some one who is always surrounded by scoundrels and who is never seen to be associated with the virtuous expect that good people should come to him?]
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